Antique Old Chinese Charm Clear Ivory Jade, Chang-kuo Lao,Carved Pendant, China.
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Zhang.
This article is about one of the Eight Immortals, Zhang Guolao . It is not to be confused with a god named Zhang Xian, with the second character meaning immortal.
Zhang Lu's painting of Zhang Guolao, early 16th century
Traditional Chinese 張果老
Simplified Chinese 张果老
Literal meaning Old Zhang Guo
Vietnamese Trương Quả Lão
Zhang Guo Lao "decanting" his horse; Japanese painting, late 19th - early 20th century
Zhang Guo, better known as Zhang Guolao, is a Chinese mythological figure and one of the Eight Immortals in the Taoist pantheon. Among the Eight Immortals, Zhang Guolao, Zhongli Quan and Lü Yan were real historical figures. His existence is said to have begun around the middle or end of the 7th century, and ended approximately in the middle of the 8th. The epithet "Lao" added at the end of his name means "old"
Zhang was a Taoist fangshi (translated as "occultist-alchemist") who lived as a hermit on Zhongtiao Mountain (中條山; southeast of present-day Yongji, Shanxi) in Hengzhou (恆州) during the Tang dynasty. By the time Wu Zetian came to power, he claimed to be several hundred years old. A strong believer in the magic of necromancy, he also declared that he was a Grand Minister to the mythical Emperor Yao in his previous life. Zhang also had a love for wine and winemaking. He was known to make liquor from herbs and shrubs as a hobby. Other members of the Eight Immortals drank his wine, which they believed to have healing or medicinal properties. He was also known to be a master of qigong and could go without food for days, surviving on only a few sips of wine.
Zhang was the most eccentric of the Eight Immortals, seen clearly in the style of Chinese martial arts dedicated to his memory. The style includes moves such as delivering a kick during a backflip or bending so far back that your shoulders touch the ground. He was known to be quite entertaining, often making himself invisible, drinking water from the petals of poisonous flowers, snatching birds in flight from the sky, as well as wilting flowers simply by pointing in their direction.
Diameter : Approx 51 mm.
Composition : Jade.
Weight : Approx 29.1 g.
Type : Pendant.
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